Journalism is the practice of gathering information about events, issues and trends and distributing them as news to large audiences. The information is delivered through various mass-media including print, broadcast and the online environment. Journalism involves aspects from communication sciences, media studies, humanities and social sciences. It also deals with many ethical and deontological challenges in the every-day practice.
Journalists act as mediators between various sources of information and a target audience. They investigate facts, assess the collected information and distribute it through newspapers, magazines, television and blogs, as well as social and mobile media. Journalists need to have a good knowledge of mass communication methods and technical devices, a broad understating of social and economic contexts and objective criteria for disseminating information.
As universities offer various concentrations in journalism, students can choose tracks in broadcasting, news reporting and writing, journalism design and graphics, photojournalism, science and environmental journalism, and many more. Courses have a high vocational component, therefore they focus less on theoretical lectures and more on the development of professional skills through field practice and studio work.
Specialisations for graduates include investigative journalism, tabloid, broadcast, advocacy journalism, or editorial.
Example careers in journalism include: reporter, technical writer, publisher, content producer, news presenter, freelancers, media managers and book editors.Read more