The Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. degree) is a postgraduate research degree awarded by universities worldwide. In contrast to other Master’s degrees, such as the Master of Science or Master of Arts, the Master of Philosophy is often awarded to people while pursuing a Ph.D.
In this case, the Master of Philosophy is awarded after completing the first part of the Ph.D. studies and submitting a first short report or dissertation. However, there are also countries like Norway, which offer the Master of Philosophy as a regular Master's degree comparable to a Master of Science.
If you enrol in an M.Phil. degree as part of your Ph.D. registration, the M.Phil. will take one year to graduate. As a regular stand-alone study programme, a Master of Philosophy normally takes 2 years to complete.
The M.Phil. degree is a pure research degree, focused only on your independent research project. While an academic supervisor provides guidance, there aren’t usually any classes or other assignments to attend.
An M.Phil. degree can be awarded in all subjects. Popular disciplines include Philosophy, Linguistics, Cultural Studies, Anthropology, and Political Science. Masters of Philosophy open the path to advancement in careers as a professor, research scientist, technical specialist, data scientist, and others.
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