The Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) is a postgraduate research degree awarded by universities in Europe and world-wide. In contrast to other Master degrees such as the Master of Science or Master of Arts, the Master of Philosophy is often awarded for people while pursuing a Ph.D.
In this case, the Master of Philosophy is awarded after completing the first part of the Ph.D. studies and submitting a first short report or dissertation. It is thus often seen as a formality only.
However, there are also countries such as Norway, which offer the Master of Philosophy as regular first Master's degree comparable to a Master of Science.
The UN consistently ranks Norway as having the highest standard of living in the world based largely on average levels of education and income, combined with expected length of lifetime.Read more about studying in Norway
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