- #701 Ranking
- Public Institution Type
In 1789 Medellín lacked schools to provide education to the citizens. Schools are located in distant cities such as Bogotá and Popayán. By the end of the colonial period, the residents of the town of Medellín requested permission from Spain to establish a convent school, and in February 9, 1801, King Charles IV issued a royal decree granting permission to the Franciscan missionaries to establish an educational establishment.In 1822, when Colombia gained independence from Spain, vice president Francisco de Paula Santander, promoted the implementation of a new plan of study, and in 1827, president Simón Bolívar granted permission to begin the teaching of law.For much of the nineteenth century the country underwent several wars and conflicts as well as struggle between political parties and ideologies that affected the academic environment. The University was closed due to these confrontations and its facilities became the headquarters of several forces. However, the then fledgling University continued to make efforts to provide education to the community. In the early twentieth century the University became the ideal place for solving the problems of the region and therefore the curriculum was redesigned, several laboratories were built, and skilled faculty hired.It was also during this same period that the University began to conduct extensive research in the field of tropical diseases, launched anti-venereal disease campaigns and got involved in tasks such as the culmination of the Antioquia railway (one of Colombia’s largest rail systems), and the expansion of the Department’s agricultural frontier.
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