Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals (ACA, 2010). In contrast to other mental health professionals who utilize a “medical model,” professional counselors utilize a “wellness model” when providing professional services to clients, assessing a client’s level of well-being and assisting the client in reaching an optimal level of functioning. Whereas other mental health professionals view mental or emotional problems as “illnesses” from the medical model perspective, counselors view such problems as a part of the normal process of living. All mental, behavioral, and emotional problems are viewed from a developmental perspective in that various stages of life present concerns that must be addressed in order to progress successfully to the next stage of life. In addition, mental health is viewed on a continuum, in that individuals are seen as constantly moving along this continuum depending on their life circumstances and emotional states of being. Therefore, the professional counselor provides services to increase the quality of life for clients, taking into account the developmental and emotional state of the client.WHO ARE PROFESSIONAL COUNSELORS, AND WHAT DO THEY DO?Although the specific title differs from state to state, professional counselors are master’s-level clinicians who provide mental health, psychological, and/or human development principles to address wellness, personal growth, career development, and mental or emotional health issues. Education and training is oriented toward the adoption of a client-centered, rather than an illness-centered, approach. Professional counselors work with individuals or groups in the assessment and treatment of psychological disorders. Other activities of counselors include consultation, prevention, and research. They make up a large percentage of the workforce employed in mental health agencies and organizations, and their work is covered by managed care organizations and health plans. Many professional counselors have a private practice.
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The TOEFL iBT ® measures your English-language abilities in an academic setting. The test has four sections (reading, listening, speaking, and writing), each with a score range of 0-30, for a total score range of 0-120. Read more about TOEFL iBT ®.Schedule TOEFL®
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The TOEFL®PBT is administered in a paper format and measures your ability to use and understand English in a classroom setting at the college or university level. It accurately measures how well you can listen, read and write in English while performing academic tasks. Read more about TOEFL®PBT.Schedule TOEFL®
The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.
Studyportals Tip: Students can search online for independent or external scholarships that can help fund their studies. Check the scholarships to see whether you are eligible to apply. Many scholarships are either merit-based or needs-based.
Together with the ISIC Association and British Council IELTS, Studyportals offers you the chance to receive up to £10000 to expand your horizon and study abroad. We want to ultimately encourage you to study abroad in order to experience and explore new countries, cultures and languages.
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